Antimicrobial activity of grape pomace extract against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus


  • Estefani Tavares Jansen
  • Elder Pacheco da Cruz
  • Laura Martins Fonseca
  • Alvaro Renato Guerra Dias
  • Elessandra da Rosa Zavareze


Anthocyanins, Conservation, Food


Several microorganisms, such as bacteria, are capable of contaminating food
products. In addition, some bacterial strains can transmit diseases to humans. In front of these
issues and allying to the fact that some species of bacteria show resistance to antimicrobial
agents of regular use, there is a need to find alternative natural compounds with antimicrobial
activity. The anthocyanins have potential to inhibit bacterial growth due to interactions of
these compounds with the bacterial cell membrane, which causes damage, altering the
selectivity of the membrane, or even the rupture of this structure, resulting in the death of the
microorganism. Thus, the objective of the present work was to evaluate the in vitro
antimicrobial activity of grape pomace extract, rich in anthocyanins, against two strains of
microorganisms relevant to the food industry, Gram-negative Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922)
and Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 14458) bacteria. The methodologies of
minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC)
were used. The bacteria were incubated at 37 ºC for 24 h. The results found were MIC equal
to 4 and 16 mg.mL-1 of extract in relation to E. coli and S. aureus bacteria, respectively. Also,
for MBC a concentration of 16 mg.mL-1 of extract showed a bactericidal effect observed
against Gram-positive bacteria. There were no MBC observed for E. coli. The lower
susceptibility occurs because Gram-negative bacteria have a double-layer membrane, making
it difficult the interaction and internal diffusion of antimicrobial compounds to this type of
bacteria. Thus, the grape pomace extract, rich in anthocyanins, showed bacteriostatic effect,
inhibiting the growth of both pathogenic microorganisms evaluated and bactericidal action
against S. aureus. This fact suggests that the extract has the potential to be employed in the
food industry as an antimicrobial agent, in order to preserve and extend the shelf life of food




Como Citar

Estefani Tavares Jansen, Elder Pacheco da Cruz, Laura Martins Fonseca, ELIEZER ÁVILA GANDRA, Alvaro Renato Guerra Dias, & Elessandra da Rosa Zavareze. (2022). Antimicrobial activity of grape pomace extract against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. 1° ongresso e Segurança ualidade os limentos, 1(1). ecuperado de



Sessão 11 - Outros tópicos em microbiologia de alimentos

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