Antioxidant potential of bioactive corn starch aerogels incorporated with red onion skin extract for food packaging


  • Elder Pacheco da Cruz
  • Estefani Tavares Jansen
  • Laura Martins Fonseca
  • Elessandra da Rosa Zavareze
  • Alvaro Renato Guerra Dias


Allium Cepa L, Bioactive package, Residue


Bioactive packaging is designed to interact directly with food in order to prolong
its shelf life and increase the food safety. Corn starch is a low-cost and biodegradable
polymer, being a good option for the development of aerogels. The red onion skin is generally
discarded, adding a considerable amount of waste deposited on the planet. This residue is an
alternative source of bioactive antioxidant compounds, especially phenolics. Antioxidants are
present naturally or intentionally in food products aiming to delay the onset of oxidation
phenomena, contributing to its conservation and maintaining its sensory characteristics intact.
Thus, aiming at the production of biodegradable materials using renewable and undervalued
precursors, the objective of this study was to develop corn starch aerogels with the
incorporation of red onion skin extract. The aerogels were produced by gelatinization of 10%
corn starch (w/v, in distilled water) at 90 °C and the onion skin extract was incorporated at
different concentrations (0, 5, 10, and 15%, w/w), followed by five freeze/thaw cycles and
subsequent lyophilization. The in vitro antioxidant potential was evaluated against the free
radicals ABTS (2,2'-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-acid)) and DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-
picryl-hydrazyl) and the results were expressed in inhibition percentage. The free red onion
skin extract showed an antioxidant potential of 95.3 and 91.5% against ABTS and DPPH
radicals, respectively. The aerogels with 0, 5, 10, and 15% of extract showed a gradual
increase in antioxidant potential of 7.1, 64.3, 82.0, and 90.5% against ABTS radical,
respectively and 1.3, 45.3, 69.7, and 83.2% against DPPH radical, respectively. Corn starch
aerogels showed strong antioxidant capacity, showing the potential to carry bioactive
compounds to be delivered in food products that release a considerable amount of water, such
as meat products. Thus, the aerogels are promising for applications in bioactive food




Como Citar

Elder Pacheco da Cruz, Estefani Tavares Jansen, Laura Martins Fonseca, Elessandra da Rosa Zavareze, & Alvaro Renato Guerra Dias. (2022). Antioxidant potential of bioactive corn starch aerogels incorporated with red onion skin extract for food packaging. 1° ongresso e Segurança ualidade os limentos, 1(1). ecuperado de



Sessão 12 - Outros tópicos em análise de alimentos

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