Potential biofilm formation by yeasts and filamentous fungi isolated from orange juice processing lines


  • Naara Aparecida Almeida
  • Ana Beatriz Avelino
  • Larissa Pereira Margalho
  • Liliana de Oliveira Rocha


filamentous fungi, yeasts, biofilm, beverages, spoilage


Fungal spoilage is a recurrent problem in the beverage industry, as the contamination may
occur throughout the processing and due to their ability to colonize surfaces and to form
biofilms together with other microorganisms. The objective of this work is to evaluate the
of biofilm formation by filamentous fungi and yeasts isolated from orange juice
processing industry. For this purpose, the yeasts Wickerhamomyces anomalus,
Naganishia diffluens and Candida intermedia were used, as well as the mold
Paecilomyces variotii; these were isolated from orange juice processing line and spoiled
juices. Fungal strains were grown into 96-well plates and incubated for 24h. Crystal violet
method was used to observe the attached cells, measured at 570 nm. To detach the biofilm
from the wells, PBS was added and submitted to an ultrasound bath; the cells were then
transferred into MEA medium for CFU count. The OD570nm values ranged from 0.02 to
1.02, for Paecilomyces variotii (AC72) and Wickerhamomyces anomalus (AC81),
respectively. Five strains have shown OD570nm values above the positive control (0.32 ±
0.12), which demonstrates the potential to form biofilm, hence indicating the ability to
contaminate orange juice throughout the processing line. Regarding CFU counts from
single biofilms, the values ranged from 5.5 to 6.68 log CFU/mL, and 6 out of 10 strains
have shown similar counts when compared to the controls (five strains of W. anomalus
and one of C. intermedia). This study highlights the ability of strains to persist along the
orange juice processing line and indicate that measures should be taken to control the
presence of fungi in juice industry, in order to reduce losses related to spoilage and recalls.




Como Citar

Naara Aparecida Almeida, Ana Beatriz Avelino, CAMILA SIEDLARCZYK MARTINS, Larissa Pereira Margalho, & Liliana de Oliveira Rocha. (2022). Potential biofilm formation by yeasts and filamentous fungi isolated from orange juice processing lines. 1° ongresso e Segurança ualidade os limentos, 1(1). ecuperado de https://publicacoes.softaliza.com.br/csqa/article/view/3481



Sessão 2 - Biofilmes na indústria de alimentos

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